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This is how the body absorbs alcohol
sparkling for many people alcoholic beverages are luxury items. and one of the few permitted addictive substances. For medical professionals, work but is a harmful cell poison. a few grams per day can cause long-term stress on the body. work Already in the mouth, the alcohol enters the body through the body of the mucous membrane.
The gastric mucosa, but, takes up the majority. The then enters the bloodstream and thus also reaches other organs. On average, after one hour, the highest work concentration is in the blood. which then decreases again. The alcohol reaches the liver via the so-called portal vein. which from now on breaks it down – for an average adult about 0.1 per thousand per hour. During this time, the alcohol unfolds its effects in the body and especially in the brain-body.
Alcohol changes perception and behavior
Alcohol affects the messenger metabolism in the brain and inhibits signal processing. Small amounts of the intoxicant have a relaxing and encouraging effect on the body. but the higher the amount of alcohol consumed, the more the alcohol. restricts perception and also influences behavior work.
Under the influence of alcohol, it is then more difficult to estimate distances. The concentration decreases, as does the ability to react. Since alcohol removes water from the body, it often leads to fatigue. Even higher amounts then cause confusion and disorientation.
At two to three per thousand, the body is already numb. From three per thousand upwards, unconsciousness sets in, which can be life-threatening. The body temperature also drops work.
When the body can no longer handle large amounts of alcohol. it is intoxication. Vomiting, breathing problems, and a possible coma are dangerous consequences.
What alcohol destroys in the body
From a biochemical point of view, ethanol is a cell poison. Because of this, the body tries to defuse it as possible afterward. The liver, which detoxifies the body with special. enzymes around the clock break down the ethanol into its components.
But while carbon dioxide and acetic acid obtained from alcohol, the enzyme alcohol. dehydrogenase forms a toxic intermediate product on the way there: acetaldehyde. This molecule damages the mucous membrane cells and is even carcinogenic. according to the World Health Organization.
The breakdown of alcohol in the liver also promotes the production of fatty acids. that build up in the liver over time. The liver is fatty. Often this liver change, albeit reversible. later leads to chronic liver damage such as liver cirrhosis. In the process, nodules form in the liver tissue, the liver hardens and the cells lose their function. This state can only stop, but not reverse work.
Although the human liver is very resilient, it is not sensitive to pain. What is happening to the liver cells in the meantime is not noticed by humans – or only when severe symptoms appear. Once there is liver damage, other organs are also affected. In the long term, a destroyed liver can lead to inflammation of the pancreas.
In the brain, long-term alcohol consumption causes. both brain mass and volume to decrease. consumption destroys brain cells. This is often only noticeable in alcohol addicts, who suffer from memory problems. who find movement and coordination more difficult. They are also more likely to suffer from mental disorders such as depression.
Many experts assume that amounts of around 24 grams of alcohol per day. can cause greater health damage. in adults in the long term – that’s the equal of two glasses of beer work.
Does alcohol protect against disease?
Hardly any scientific news gets through the media as that that researchers have. found that can protect against common. and serious diseases such as heart attacks.
Some studies state that people who have been drinking alcohol have suffered. less heart disease or are older than those who have been abstinent. but, the studies only establish correlations. it cannot prove whether is the real cause of better health or longer life work.
In many studies, aspects such as lifestyle or genetic. predisposition is not taken into account or excluded.
For example, there are contradicting results about the influence. and the effect on blood coagulation. So far it can only that a protective aspect of alcohol consumption cannot rule out. Even so, no doctor will ever tell an abstinent person to drink for health. Because the risk of a possible addictive disease would always add.
In contrast to the positive properties, there are in any case the proven harmful effects on the body. also to cell damage in many organs. this also includes weight gain through reduced fatty acid burning. The colloquial beer belly has proved because of alcohol. promotes the formation of belly fat. which is particularly critical for health. bath and body work.
Hangover as a short-term consequence
The bitter lesson of the evening doesn’t actually come until the next morning. Bad sleep and physical strain often come together in a serious hangover. The alcohol causes the sleep rhythm to change. The important REM phases (dream phases) short, while the deep sleep phases are longer. Regardless of how long you sleep, you can still feel tired and exhausted the next day.
Since the alcohol draws water from the body. a lot of water should actually be drunk while consuming, but at the latest afterward.
The body also needs enough minerals. The alcohol flushed these substances out of the body. through an increased urge to urinate. The breakdown of alcohol in the body also consumes a lot of oxygen. With a hearty breakfast and – in the best case – exercise in the fresh air, your circulation can revive.
But sleep is still the most restful without any residual alcohol. bath and body.
Dancing on the counter “Our favorite everyday drug: Why do we need alcohol?”
Was the topic. The classic schnapps drinker is now considered to be extinct. as is alcohol consumption in the company. The per capita consumption of pure has been falling for years. From 12.1 liters in 1990 to 9.6 liters today. Drunk driving ostracizes with good reason. That would have been a good reason to ask yesterday evening. Why do we need less and less alcohol – and how has the handling of this so-called “cultural drug” changed. Unfortunately, this question has not asked but has limited. to the classic debate about alcohol abuse.
The answer could give a sign of how this society has changed in the past decades. and with it the cultural handling of alcohol. There were three dry alcoholics at Frau Maischberger’s. an abstainer, a former head of an addiction clinic, and a brewery woman – and Olivia Jones. The travesty artist formulated the consensus in the broadcast. Alcohol as a “stimulant” is okay, in contrast to “narcotics”. Enjoyed in moderation, it enlivens the atmosphere, as she reported from her three bars on St. Pauli. but, the impression should not create that such a mood is only. possible with alcohol consumption. Sebastian Frankenberger, party chairman of the ÖDP and the teetotalers in the group. even dances “on the bar” at youth camps of the Catholic Church. This seems strange because “dancing on the counter” expresses the loss of control. that is generally not achieved in our cultural area through autosuggestion. Frankenberger, it can assume, has an alcohol problem without.