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Pediatric ophthalmology – Bharti Eye Foundation

Many children and newborn newborns suffer from a range of vision problems. The earlier these problems are recognised and addressed, the better. The treatment of children’s eye problems is the focus of Pediatric ophthalmology.

Early diagnosis of vision-related problems in children is aided by pediatric ophthalmology. Eye defects can render a child blind for life if not repaired within six months of birth. The optic nerve is still developing throughout the first six months of life, and if eye problems are not treated at this time, irreversible damage may occur.

Similarly, young children may have a range of vision problems without being aware of it. This is why incorporating pediatric ophthalmology into the curriculum is merter escort crucial.

Pediatric ophthalmologists in the Department of Ophthalmology provide comprehensive care for children’s eye problems and adult strabismus, including diagnosis, treatment, and management (deviated eyes). We specialise on inherited eye diseases such congenital (existing from birth) glaucoma and cataracts.

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What happens during an eye exam for your child?

Your child will first undergo a series of eye exams to establish their eye health. The exam for your youngster will most likely span many hours. Two or three of our doctors normally do the tests. We will learn the following during the first round of tests:

  • How well your child observes local and distant items. If your child is unable to read, we can evaluate his or her vision utilising tests that may include pictures or shapes.
  • Depth perception in your youngster.
  • How well your child’s eyes align and move together when tracking items (done by an orthoptist).
  • Peripheral vision, often known as side vision, in your child.
  • In the second section of the exam, we may:
  • Put eye drops in your child’s eyes to dilate or widen the pupils.
  • After around 30 minutes, an ophthalmologist will inspect the interior of the eyes through the widened pupils to see if there are any problems and to determine whether your child requires corrective lenses.
  • Examine your child’s eyes using special lights and lenses to see if he or she needs glasses and to rule out any issues.

What Is the Role of a Pediatric Ophthalmologist?

Optometrists and ophthalmologists can both check children’s eyes, test their vision, and, if necessary, prescribe glasses or contacts. Optometrists are not medical doctors, however they can prescribe medication for some eye conditions. Ophthalmologists are trained to identify and treat all eye disorders and problems.

Young toddlers are typically unable to describe or respond to medical problems. Pediatric ophthalmologists that are experienced at treating children in a way that helps them feel at ease and comfortable. They use child-sized equipment and eye exams that are tailored to the child’s developmental stage.

Pediatric ophthalmologists must first attend medical school and then additional training in eye disorders to become ophthalmologists. They are then given more training in recognising and treating child eye disorders. The schooling process takes 13 years and consists of the following steps:

  • Bachelor of Science in Medicine (four years)
  • A one-year internship
  • Residency in ophthalmology (three years)
  • Fellowship in pediatric ophthalmology (at least one year)

Reasons to See a Pediatric Ophthalmologist

Your child’s vision will be examined by their paediatrician or family doctor during routine checkups. If they or you notice a problem with your child’s eyes, they may refer you to a pediatric ophthalmologist. The following symptoms suggest that a child may have an eye problem:

  • Sensitivity to light
  • Crossed or wandering eyes
  • Red or watery eyes, persistent pus, or crust
  • They often massage their eyes.
  • They are squinting and tilting their heads to see.
  • Doctors prescribe a comprehensive eye examination for
  • Children born prematurely
  • Those born with a disorder, such as Down syndrome, that increases their chances of having eye problems.
  • Children with learning disabilities or developmental delays
  • Those with a history of childhood visual difficulties.

Let’s stop it with pediatric ophthalmology!

Comprehensive eye exams should be part of your child’s normal healthcare routine. While squinting and drooping eyelids are easily apparent, parents may have difficulty diagnosing problems such as lazy eye and refractive errors. Especially since most children do not inform their parents about the problem since they typically lack the ability to recognise that their visual skills have changed. It is thus the primary responsibility of parents to notice any changes in their children’s behavioural patterns, such as close-up TV viewing, straining excessively to read from a book, or suddenly performing poorly in school.

If any of these sound similar, it’s time to make an appointment with a pediatric ophthalmologist to review your child’s eye health.

Pediatric Ophthalmology – Preserving our children’s vision for the future

Pediatric Ophthalmology is taken seriously at Bharti Eye Foundation, with expert specialists and surgeons working around the clock to guarantee that our next generation’s vision is suitably protected. Children who squint or have slow eyes are initially treated with prescription glasses and eye exercises. Dr. S Bharti was, in fact, one of the first hospitals to adopt eye yoga as a rehabilitation approach. Parents of children born out of wedlock between relatives or with both parents wearing glasses owing to refractive problems are encouraged to bring their children for an evaluation.

Clinical experience

Pediatric ophthalmologists are experts in the development of the visual system and illnesses that interfere with visual development in children. Pediatric ophthalmologists are also well-versed in the various eye diseases that affect children. Pediatric ophthalmologists are educated to do complex eye surgery and to treat children’s visual problems using glasses and medicines. Because of the unique needs of children, many ophthalmologists and other physicians refer young patients to a pediatric ophthalmologist for assessment and treatment of ocular problems. In addition to children with obvious vision abnormalities, those with head rotations, head tilts, squinting of the eyes, or preferred head postures (torticollis) are frequently sent to a pediatric ophthalmologist for screening. Adults with eye movement issues are frequently seen by pediatric ophthalmologists.

What kind of schooling do pediatric ophthalmologists have?

  • Pediatric ophthalmologists are doctors who specialise in the eyes of children.
  • A minimum of four years of medical school
  • One-year medical or surgical internship
  • At least three additional years of ophthalmology residency training
  • At least one additional year of pediatric ophthalmology fellowship training


The Bharti Eye Foundation’s Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus programme diagnoses and treats a wide range of eye illnesses and vision issues in children and adolescents, as well as adults with Strabismus.

Children are not simply small adults. They can’t always express what’s bothering them. They are not always able to respond to medical enquiries and to be patient and cooperative during a medical examination.

Pediatric ophthalmologists know how to assess and treat children in a calm and cooperative manner. Furthermore, pediatric ophthalmologists use equipment designed exclusively for children. The majority of pediatric ophthalmologists’ offices are constructed specifically for children. Waiting rooms and examination rooms may contain toys, videos, and reading items for youngsters. This contributes to creating a safe and comfortable environment for your child.

If your child’s physician suggests that his eyes be evaluated, a pediatric ophthalmologist has the most extensive and comprehensive training, as well as the most expertise in working with children and treating children’s eye difficulties.

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