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Terrace Farming Method – Benefits and Challenges in India

Farming is an integral part of our Indian culture, as most of the population depends upon farming for their livelihood. Traditional agriculture involves the intensive use of indigenous knowledge, traditional tools, natural resource and organic fertilizers. Nowadays, due to the evolution in technology, farmers are adopting modern farming methods, but still, conventional farming is done in about 50% of the world’s population. 

To make traditional farming even more efficient, the newly launched Massey Dynatrack tractor arguably the best. This tractor is available at a quite reasonable price, making it very affordable for most Indian farmer.  

However, coming back to modern farming methods, terrace farming is one of the latest trends out there. This farming practice mostly followed in mountain regions by creating a terrace. Also known as terracing has several benefits, which we are going to discuss in today’s blog. Let’s have a look at them. 

What is Terrace Farming? 

Terrace farming defines as the method of building steps basically known as “terrace” on the slopes of hills and mountains. Every step has an outlet that channels water to the next step. This helps in keeping some areas dry yet some wet. They are constructed to ensures a wide range of surface area for cultivation on hills to support farming for the long term. Moreover, terracing helps in the reduction of water flow, soil erosion, increase water holding capacity, and many more. 

For Instance, generally, there are two types of terracing 

  • Graded Terracing – This may have either constant or variable grades along its length. 
  • Level Terracing – This may follow the counter line and are best suited for permeable soil. 

What are the Benefits of Terrace Farming? 

Terrace farming prevents soil nutrients, washed away by the rain. This leads to the production of much healthier crops. Secondly, it also prevents the carrying away of the plant due to heavy flowing river water. Hence, terracing is an important agricultural practice. 

Terrace farming has the capability to turn the moist idle land into productive farmland leading to high food security in the world. It also helps in retaining the soil nutrient o the soil. Following are significant benefits of doing terrace farming. 

  • Enhance Water Conservation

Terrace act as many micro shades across the whole slope. Therefore it directly reshapes the micro-topography of the hills. These factors will enhance the efficiency of rainwater harvesting by changing the hydrological pathway. Moreover, this farming method increases soil ruggedness, thus increase the moisture-holding capacity.  

  • Soil Conservation 

Terracing reduces the water flow speed, which leads to an increase in biomass and surface cover. The terrace has ridges that increase the efficiency of soil conservation and also reduce soil erosion. 

  • Improve Land Productivity 

Due to the decrease in soil erosion and high water holding capacity, terrace farming improves soil fertility and overall land productivity. For Instance, In rice terrace, irrigation is done not only for supplying water to paddy crop but has various other purposes as well. In addition to the protection of the terraced paddy field, the unique practice of irrigation plays a very important role. 

  • Ensure Food Security and Crop Yield

In the mountain region, the major problem faced by local farmers is the scarcity of water and soil erosion. To resolve this,  ensures food security and enhance crop yield by water and soil conservation. Thus it reduces soil erosion. In this  farming, the proper distribution of fertilizers and irrigation ensures higher yield production. 

Challenges in Terrace Farming 

Though terrace farming is the latest trend, a modern farming practice but still not as easy as it seems, following are the challenges faced in terrace farming. 

  • As the population is growing, more land is occupied by the people for their livelihood or residence. The man-made houses in between the terrace harm the overall farming activity thus tends to the improper management of the terrace. 
  • Terrace cultivation on the hilly slopes needs proper experience and knowledge. There are a significant loose due to a lack of understanding for building the terrace. 
  • Due to the evolution of industrialization and urbanization, the young generation of mountain and hilly regions attract the cities. Thus results in terrace endorsement.

Major Demerits of Terrace Farming in India  

  • One of the most significant demerits of terrace farming is that it can tend to saturation of rainfall. This is very dangerous as it can cause the overflow of water during the rainy seasons. 
  • The terrace may also result in mudslides if not managed well. 
  • It needs massive inputs of labour to construct and maintain the terrace. Hence it is much more labour intensive. 

So this is all about terrace farming. We hope you get enough information about the things that you should keep in mind while planning to start a terrace farming business. For more information about Massey Ferguson tractor price, farming and the latest farming news, stay tuned with us. 

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