Legal

Types of Discrimination at Work

If you are searching for a discrimination attorney in Columbus Ohio, chances are you have had a less than pleasant experience at work. It’s not always clear whether your experiences count as illegal discrimination or not, and the help of a workplace discrimination attorney in Columbus is essential when considering the facts.

According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), it is unlawful to discriminate when hiring, promoting, demoting or discharging an employee. Discrimination can be on the basis of race, sex, age, religion, sexual orientation and nationality. A workplace discrimination attorney in Columbus is able to provide protection against each of these types of discrimination and, in doing so, ensure that you have access to the opportunities you deserve, regardless of your status.

Here are some of the most common types of discrimination that a workplace discrimination attorney in Columbus can assist with.

Age Discrimination

Age discrimination involves unfair treatment on the basis of your age, particularly if you are over 40. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) forbids it in any aspect of employment, including remuneration, hiring, firing, training, promotion and benefits. Age discrimination is often accompanied by harassment in the workplace, and can create extremely toxic work environments for those who are subjected to it. It is not always the most obvious form of discrimination, but an employment lawyer is trained to be able to identify it in a legal context.

Race Discrimination

The unfavorable treatment of employees and/or applicants, based on their race, is also illegal. This includes discrimination based on personal characteristics associated with race.

Sex and Gender Discrimination

The most common type of sex and gender discrimination is unequal pay. According to the Equal Pay Act of 1963, men and women must be given equal pay for equal work. The Act goes on further to say that ‘equal work’ is determined by the content of the work, and not the job title.

Sex discrimination is also prohibited by the Civil Rights Act, which states that it is illegal for men and women to be paid different salaries and wages based on their sex or gender.

Disability Discrimination

Under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, it is illegal to discriminate against a qualified job candidate based on a disability. This kind of discrimination commonly presents itself when job applicants are refused work that they are qualified for simply because they have a disability.

Not only is disability discrimination prohibited, but employers are also required to make reasonable accommodation for persons with disabilities. This includes making the workplace conducive to their comfort and productivity. Any employee who refuses to do so may be liable for disability discrimination.

There are several other types of discrimination in the workplace, including discrimination based on sexual orientation and religion. They all create hostile work environments, and can deeply affect employee’s work performance and even their self-worth. An employment lawyer is the perfect place to start when you feel you have been discriminated against. They will lend a sympathetic ear, as well as the legal expertise needed to combat these circumstances.

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