The pencil drawing is a traditional cool drawings techniques that artists like to use for sketches and drafts and, more rarely, for detailed drawings. Bright gray paint application is typical.
The pencil drawings are detailing labor-intensive. Because drawn line by line with the tip of the pen. Despite their special painterly effect, they are rarely executing. Pencil drawing mainly uses in graphic design or as a mixed media with watercolors.
Pencil drawing became popular in Europe in the 16th century with Renaissance cartoonists including Albrecht Dürer. From that moment on, pencil drawing became popular for architects and builders due to the possibility of working directly with a notebook anywhere and making shadows, grids, and other techniques with the same element.
Due to the different degrees of hardness. The pencil can be used to represent the whole range of shades: white is created by leaving the background of the white paper free, black with the help of soft B pencils with light pressure. The possible tonal values and fineness of pencil drawing are comparable to black and white photography, which are well suited as templates.
The precision of the character’s stroke is excellent. The pencil adheres well to the drawing paper and does not need to be fixed. It is advisable to spray with fixative so that the pencil drawing does not blur.
Pencil Sketch Drawing
Even soft pencil doesn’t stain as well as charcoal. The cleaning effect is slightly greasy. Therefore, many artists prefer charcoal or gray pastel chalk for drawing because they can be used more quickly. Its paint application more fleeting. It can also be used as a preliminary drawing for acrylic and oil painting techniques. The pencil is not suitable as a sketch for acrylic and oil painting, as the graphite shines through the paint layers for a long time.
The pencil drawing is recommending medium hardness grades to strong for watercolor painting as a signature. But you can also put beautiful accents on the watercolor with a pencil. Softer pencils result in an overly thick application, over which the water-based watercolor paint will slide.
The image effect of silver pen drawing is similar to pencil drawing. Instead of pencil and graphite lead, a silver pen used to draw with silver lead.
The pencil cool drawing idea technique is one of the oldest types of artistic work in the history of art. This technique popular since the pencil was the most manageable element within the drawing. It comes in various shapes and textures according to the work to be done. It also allows you to draw in sepia color, thanks to an alloy of lead and tin with a silver tip. Hard leads allow very fine and clean lines to be drawn.
The portrait drawing in pencil, for example, is one of the works of art most appreciated by connoisseurs. To carry out this work. The line must be firm, not shaky, continuous, hairy, or broken lines (which seem to be formed by small joined lines) not allow.
Starting in the late Gothic period and with the Renaissance. The press and books developed, and drawing also began to be considered a work of art in itself.
Artists who made artistic pencil drawings:
Horst Janssen (1929-1995)
Henri Matisse (1869-1954)
Egon Schiele (1890-1918), pencil drawings with watercolors, oils, portraits, and nudes
Lovis Corinth (1858-1925)
Adolph Menzel (1815-1905)
Jean-Auguste -Dominique Ingres (1780-1867), portraits and nude drawings
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840), landscapes, pencil drawings with watercolors
Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528), silver pen drawings
Common pencil drawing techniques
These drawing tools used to create a drawing using the proper drawing technique and the appropriate drawing tool.
- The line
- Combined techniques
Drawing technique – hatching
Hatching is a classic easy drawing tutorials technique that allows you to draw and shape the surfaces of a motif. A good spatial effect results from scratching, as well as different tonal values, can be realized. If all the gradations of a single color used. A plastic representation of the motif created.
Fine lines draw in the “scratched” drawing technique. The direction of the lines is usually at an oblique angle to the main contour. In the case of a pure drawing, these hatches should not be drawing too tight or even smear. This would already cross the line of painting, which characterized by an area painting technique. However, today the limits are fluid.
Another drawing technique is cross-hatching.
With this drawing technique, two or more sets of frames draw on each other. This allows the artist to achieve many excellent effects when drawing. The strength of the line remains the same but using this drawing technique results in shading in all variations. By drawing the hatch lines closer or closer to each other, countless gradations of tone become visible. If you want to draw in color (for example, with colored pencils), you can create many new shades by cross-hatching in different colors.
In the image above, at the first hatch, you can still recognize the individual lines. In an extreme case, you can also draw a photorealistic image. The following figure shows denser hatching.
When blended, a shaded area blended with a finger or a cleaning tool. Suitable for smudging is charcoal, as it can be easily smudged. Ink, on the other hand, cannot be smudged.
With the technique of blurring, one operates on the edge of what described as a drawing. When the hatching blurred, not a single line or point is visible, eliminating the original base of a drawing.
Drawing technique – Washes
If shading or tinting achieved with liquid drawing materials. For example, when drawing with ink, washing is the technique of choice. With a brush, you can apply ink over the line drawing to create a hatch. This method comes from a watercolor painting. You start with the lightest tonal values and work your way up to the darkest values. Anyone who works on drawings with watercolor paints achieves a harmonious effect. The transparency of these colors means that the drawing does not appear to be stained afterward, but there are fluid transitions between surfaces and lines.
Combined techniques in pencil drawing
They move along the boundaries between classical painting and drawing techniques and various materials, techniques, and procedures. Using watercolor paints or creating bright highlights using opaque white in your drawing is also a classic way to combine drawing techniques.
Furthermore, collage methods, wet brush techniques, and sgraffito represent the combination of different artistic techniques.
This historic wall design technique was used primarily in Italy in the 16th century. Several layers of color applied and manipulated. Sgraffito is one of the stucco techniques. Other scratching techniques associated with the applied layers of color are also called sgraffito.