Having decided to build a country cottage, developers first of all think about the question of which material is better for building a house. There is every reason for this. The construction market offers a wide range of materials. The cost of construction, the speed of construction of the house, its reliability, durability and many other nuances that will be discussed in this article depend on the choice of material. Not so much because of the climatic conditions, but because of the popularity of a certain material concrete paver molds.
But after all, different materials are used at each stage. Therefore, the question of what is better to build a house from should be solved in stages.
Types of foundations and materials
The foundations can be:
- piled ones.
The tape ones are divided into: monolithic ones, poured on the construction site, and prefabricated ones made of reinforced concrete blocks. The material for such foundations can also be concrete, rubble concrete, w/b blocks, brick. Ribbon foundations are used for one-story and two-story houses, of low weight. This is one of the cheapest options for the base. The columnar foundation is also used for light houses. It consists of pillars immersed to a certain depth or concrete poured into a drilled well.
The pillars can be made of wood, stone, concrete or clay bricks.
The slab foundation is a monolithic reinforced reinforced concrete slab laid on a base of low-strength concrete or sand. The thickness of the plate is 30-100 cm. It is used on weak soils for 2-3 storey buildings. This option is the most expensive.
A pile foundation consists of individual piles or a group united on top by a w / concrete slab or beam. They are used for weak soils under significant loads. Piles are used in the construction of multi-storey buildings. They can be used for private construction. Piles are made of reinforced concrete, specially treated wood, metal pipes, a combination of metal and concrete. Piles can be: screw, driven, pressed and stuffed.
What is it better to build the walls of a house from
Modern technologies have allowed us to expand the range of materials from which it is possible to build walls of houses that differ in their characteristics and cost ratio. You can read more about this in the article about new technologies in construction. To choose the best material for the walls of the house, first of all you need to decide on the future purpose of the house. If it is intended for permanent residence, it must be built of durable and durable materials. Currently, there are two popular technologies:
brick or block with a wet method of laying walls by mixing the solution;
prefabricated, when the house is assembled from elements, as a designer – frame technologies.
To choose the right material for building a house, you need to know a few key points:
When choosing materials, it is necessary to proceed from the financial possibility and time frame of construction. The absence of ” wet ” works significantly accelerates the construction of a house and can reduce the cost of construction. It is also important to take into account the construction region.
- heavy houses require a strong and deep foundation;
- light structures are less durable and require additional insulation;
- the heavier the material – the more expensive it is to work with it;
- sometimes transport accessibility most of all Concrete Paver Molds affects the choice of material.
For example, if there is one or even several brick factories nearby, then bringing wood from afar will be more expensive than building from red brick. If the house is being built in a forest area, then frame-panel projects will not always be cheaper than a real log house. But often it is necessary to build only from imported materials. And then it will not be superfluous to study their properties.
Wooden and frame houses
If you choose wood for the walls of the house, then you can be sure of the environmental friendliness of the material. The microclimate in a pine log house is really special. But it is quite difficult to build a house from a solid log on your own.
A huge selection of the wood is offered on the market, from which you can quickly assemble a ready-made house – rounded logs, glued and sawn beams. A huge selection of the wood is offered on the market, from which you can quickly assemble a ready-made house – rounded logs, glued and sawn beams.
But they need to be treated with antiseptic compounds, otherwise, the walls will be subject to all atmospheric phenomena. And this is an increase in the cost of construction.
Houses made of a wooden or metal frame are the easiest to assemble. Frame-panel houses made of SIP panels are especially convenient.
But for installation, you will need loading equipment, so this option is not suitable for independent construction. On the other hand, a large five-room house is assembled in a week and a half, and due to its light weight, it does not require a tape foundation buried one and a half meters deep.
Bricks and ceramic blocks
If the question arises, which material is the most durable, then the answer is simple-a brick made of red clay. A brick house will stand for more than a hundred years, Concrete Paver Molds can be inherited from generation to generation. But the price for building a brick house is also impressive.
The brick house will stand for more than a hundred years
More modern material is ceramic blocks. Despite the high cost, they are much more profitable than traditional bricks, since one ceramic block weighing 25 kg replaces 15 bricks with a total weight of 50 kg!
More modern material is ceramic blocks
Houses made of these ecological materials are characterized by a high heat capacity of the walls, so it will take a long time to warm up the cooled house. But then, even when the heating is turned off, the walls will give off heat. When building from porous materials, insulation is not required – the air in the cavities is a natural thermal insulation. Due to the large weight of brick houses, a deep and strong foundation is required – pile or reinforced concrete tape. And this is an additional cost.
Aerated concrete blocks are an excellent alternative to brick. They are light and durable, and the air bubbles in the blocks provide natural thermal insulation. This is a lightweight and durable material, one block weighing 18 kg replaces 20 bricks weighing 70 kg!
Due to laying on a special glue and a flat Concrete Paver Molds factory surface, minimal finishing will be required, which saves money. But due to the high hygroscopicity, it is important to prevent moisture from entering the gas blocks during storage and to make a good waterproofing of the facade.
Comparison of materials
So what to choose for construction? Brief description:
- solid log-does not require processing, eco-friendly, but difficult to build with your own hands material;
- processed wood-easy to assemble, but requires increased care, short-lived (about 25-50 years);
- frame house-inexpensive to build, but fragile and relatively short-lived (up to 70 years of service);
- brick and ceramic block are durable and reliable, but expensive material;
- gas block is a more economical material compared to brick, but still more expensive than frame construction.