COVID-19 can affect just about anyone; however, some people have a higher risk of having more severe symptoms should they get infected with the coronavirus. While some people become asymptomatic or experience no symptoms when infected, some others experience only mild symptoms, and some others experience severe symptoms that they may end up requiring mechanical assistance just to breathe.
For older people, and those with underlying medical conditions, the risks of having more serious symptoms of COVID-19 are high. Nonetheless, you will be advised on what to do and how to stay safe and healthy when you go for a antibody or antigen test.
FACTORS AND CONDITIONS THAT PLACE PEOPLE AT AN INCREASED RISK
People who have preexisting lung problems face the problem of developing severe symptoms if they get infected with the coronavirus. COVID-19 targets explicitly the lungs, so for people who already have medical issues affecting the lungs, it is horrible news. People who have these problems are at an increased risk of developing severe symptoms or illnesses of COVID-19:
· Moderate to severe asthma
· Lung cancer
· Pulmonary fibrosis
· Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
· Cystic fibrosis
People who have any of the diseases mentioned above or illnesses should maintain their use of medications to keep symptoms controlled. While the medication for some of these conditions can weaken the immune system, they can speak to their doctors about obtaining an emergency supply of medication to be safe. For asthmatic patients, the trigger varies from person to person. On that note, you would have to stay away from your triggers so as not to increase your risk of complications with COVID-19.
Cancer and certain blood disorders
People who have cancer are equally at an increased risk of having serious symptoms if they get infected with the SARS-COV-2. Although the risk levels vary depending on the type of cancer the patient has and the treatment they receive, they still have a high risk of experiencing severe symptoms when infected with COVID-19.
People who have other blood disorders like sickle cells are equally at risk of having severe symptoms should they get infected with the COVID-19. The red blood cells of people who have sickle cell are shaped like the letter “C” and are hard and sticky. The abnormal cells die very early, leading to insufficient oxygen being transported in the body and also cause blockage in small blood vessels. Even without COVID-19, such people already have serious respiratory problems.
Finally, people who have thalassemia are also at an increased risk of developing serious symptoms of COVID-19 if they are infected. Thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body does not produce enough haemoglobin, leading to problems in transportation of oxygen in the body.
Chronic kidney or liver problems
People who have serious kidney or liver problems run the risk of being seriously ill if they get infected with COVID-19. For people who have serious kidney problems and are on dialysis, it would be wise to inform your doctor whenever you feel sick at every dialysis appointment. People with kidney problems have a weak immune system, so any serious infection can gravely affect their health.
On the other hand, people with chronic liver problems are a very high risk of having problems if they get COVID-19. With an already weak immune system, the medications you will have to take if you get infected will cause further negative issues for the liver.
COVID-19 can affect anyone at any age; however, people who are older and more advanced in age are at greater risk of developing more severe symptoms. It has been discovered that the risk of having serious symptoms increases with age, and it is a lot worse if you have underlying medical conditions. Of all the deaths recorded in different countries as a result of the COVID-19, 80% of them were people aged 65 and older.
For safety reasons, older people, especially ones with medical problems, are always advised to take their medications as prescribed by the doctor and follow instructions. People who live in nursing homes are equally advised to practice hygiene to avoid infection, and also inform the staff if they feel ill.
Heart disease, obesity and diabetes
Those who have type 2 diabetes, serious heart problems or those who are obese are at significant risk of having dangerous symptoms if they get infected with COVID-19. Type 1 diabetes and high blood pressure can also increase one’s chance of having serious complications and symptoms if infected with COVID-19.
When you have diabetes, you are already at an increased risk of getting infected by most illnesses. Also, the strength of your immune system is reduced when you have both diabetes, and you are obese. You can keep your risk of getting infected in check by continuing with your medication and keeping your blood sugar levels controlled.
With hearth diseases like pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, coronary heart disease and high blood pressure, the risk of developing dangerous symptoms if infected with COVID-19 is high. The best way to stay safe would be to keep your blood pressure under control and continue your medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Weak immune system
A weak immune system is unable to fight germs and foreign matter that get into the body. Certain conditions can weaken an immune system, and reduce its ability to fight germs and protect the body. Such conditions include:
· Cancer treatment
· Organ transplant
There are still some conditions that affect the immune system and increase the chance of having serious symptoms if you get infected with COVID-19. These conditions include :
· Bone marrow transplant
· Long term use of prednisone or other drugs that weaken the immune system
With a weak immune system, you would have to be extra careful with your health. Avoid physical visits to the hospital, and go for video or phone calls with your doctor. Also, have your prescription sent to you if possible so you won’t have to go and get it yourself and end up exposing yourself to the virus.
Protecting yourself from covid-19
Some available vaccines and therapies ease the symptoms of COVID-19; however, it is better to be safe than sorry. Here are tips you can follow to protect yourself from the virus:
· Practice social distancing in public and at home. Maintain a distance of about 6 feet from the nearest person
· Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently with soap and water. Use a hand sanitiser with 60-95% alcohol if there is no water or soap available.
· Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue when coughing or sneezing. Dispose of the tissue afterwards and wash your hands
· Do not share household items like plates, cups and spoons with sick or infected persons
· Clean and disinfect surfaces that are prone to high touching, including your phones
· Avoid touching your face or eyes, nose and mouth
· Wear a face mask and protective gloves when out in public, and avoid crowds or places that encourage physical contact
· Avoid a large gathering of people
· Stay at home if you are sick or you have symptoms of COVID-19. Monitor your symptoms and contact your health care provider
For people who are at an increased risk of developing serious symptoms or illnesses if infected with COVID-19, follow the tips below to stay safe
· Ensure your vaccines and medications are up to date, particularly for illness such as flu or common cold
· Limit socialising for now, but if you must, you can accommodate a small group. You can have social gatherings conducted outside while adhering to the social distancing rules of 6 feet distance between persons.
· Call your doctor if you have questions or concerns about your medication or medical conditions and always call when you feel sick.
· Ensure that you have at least 30 days supply of your medication and prescription
· Agree with your doctor on an alternative means of communication like video calls or phone calls, to avoid exposure to the virus and other infections when you go to see your doctor.
· Arrange for home delivery of food and medication, so you won’t have to leave your house.
At STD Check Clinic in London, you can contact us for your Pcr test in the UK or any other type of medical test. Visit here – https://www.stdcheck.london/covid-19